Rote island is
1214,3 square kms
in size and forms, Regency. Rote is the southernmost island of Indonesia. It is located near the west coast of Kupang and
has an exceptional spectacular natural environment with clear, transparant waters, caved rock formations, terraced plantations and rolling hills rugged with palm trees, savanna and some forests. Place to Stay in Rote (Nemberala) Anugerah Hotel Rote island is especially known for its beautiful, white sandy beaches with a perfect surf, its ritual traditions, its beautiful ikat weavings and the Sasando, a musical instrument that is unique to the island of Rote.
Over the years, Rote island has become a top class surf destination. Also it has become extremely popular as a diving and snorkelling destination within the Indonesian archipelago, thanks to its hectares of beautiful coral reefs that fring the coastlines of the island. And besides these watersports the unique culture draws more and more tourism to the island of Rote.
Lavalon Hostel Kupang
Surfing at Rote island - Nemberala ( T-Land )
Sasando Traditional Instrument from Rote Island Indonesia Surfing at Rote island - Nemberala ( T-Land )
Nemberala Beach. Rote Island is a peacefull island of small villages. Most people heading to Rote go strait to Nemberala. There are two main surf spots in Nemberala. The west coast is the only part of the island to recieve swell ,which can make these breaks a little busy. Although it is very dry the whole island has beautiful beaches ,diving and water ways. I highly recommend exploring the whole island not just the tourist trip , to enjoy the local community and discover what this island truly has.There are a lot of high end resorts on Rote but i suggest staying in the locally run homestays. They are often not on the net and a fraction of the resort prices. The food is often better and authentic. You get to know an indonesian family and money stays in the community where it should be. Kupang and Rote have other islands around them which can be accessed by ferry or private boat. Well worth a look. You may well be the only tourist there. Kupang is a lively city with a great night market and some bars on the water front. Crystal cave is worth going to for a swim. Beautiful clear water. The ferry leaves for Rote every day. So a day or two spent in Kupang exploring is easy to do on the way. I recommend staying at Lavalon SeaView Hotel. It has a beautiful room overlooking the beach. All rooms are clean, and there is a dorm room if needed. The prices are reasonable , also it is close to the night market and has hammocks. Edwin Lerrick is a great host and has a love and first hand knowledge of the whole Timor ,also Nusa Tengarra erea of Indonesia. Enjoy!, By Mark Pyne Australian Surfers
Nemberala Beach in Rote Island
Nemberala beach is generally regarded as one of the most beautiful beaches of Indonesia. It offers fascinating sunsets, stunning panoramas and after Sumatra it is the most popular surfing destination within the Indonesian archipelago.
The surfing season starts in the month of April and runs untill November; during the trade wind season Rote and the surrounding islands offer several quality surf spots. The main surf break is in the front of the village of Nemberala with a world class left hander, long rides and a soft kind of wave, but it can be also get high and heavy on big swell. Not far south of Nemberala there is good right hander called Boa.
Divingand snorkeling at Rote Island
The marine life of Rote island is extremely varied with all kinds of beautiful colored tropical fish varying from the fire fish to mantas, Diving at Rote island is really exceptional due to the large numbers of manta and dugong that can be seen here.
Since the coastlines of Rote and its nearby small islands are fringed by hectares of beautiful colored coral reefs and sandy beaches, the island is a popular destination for those who love snorkeling as well.
New species bird from Rote Island called "Rote Myzomela" (Endemic)
The snake-necked Turtle
The snake-necked turtle (chelodina mccordi) of Rote is an extremely endangered turtle species that is encountered at Rote island's highlands. Its habitat are swamps, rice terraces and small lakes.
The carapace can reach a length between 18 and 24 centimetres. The length of the neck is similar. The color of the carapace is pale grey brown. Occasionally there are also specimens which have a chestnut coloured hue. The plastron is pale buff white. The neck is dark brown on the upperparts with round tubercles. The underparts are beige white. The iris is black surrounded by a white ring.
The Rote Island snake-necked turtle is one of the most desired turtles in the international pet trade. Even before it was scientifically described it was so over-collected that the legal trade was prohibited in 2001 due to its rarity. The two or three remaining populations live in an area of only 70 km² in the central highlands of Roti Island. It is still illegally captured and it is often offered on markets under the label of the New Guinea Snake-necked Turtle which is also legally protected.
Traditional dance of Rote island
The society of Rote is devided up into two clans which used to be kingdoms before Indonesia's independence. These clans are named "Sunrise" and "Sunset" respectively.
The clans are ruled by two Lords (one male and one female) and several advisers. Each clan performs its own rituals during the annual HUS celebration, a traditional New Year festival. At the HUS, the Rotenese men make offerings to the ancestors of the clan, wearing traditional clothing, and the women perform dances accompanied by the sasando, the Rotenese guitar.
The traditional Rote Hat
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The vesatile lontar palm (Borassus sp.) plays a mayor role in the lives of the Rotians. The people of Rote derive most of their daily nutritional requirements from this drought resistent palm tree. Literally all parts of the tree are used, the energy rich juice of the flowers to make tuak and palm sugar, the timber of the trunk to build their houses and the leaves to make roofing material and various palm leaf weaving products, among others the traditional Rotenese hat. Also the sasando, a musical instrument unique to Rote island, is made from the leaves of the lontar palm. VIDEO OF SASANDO INSTRUMENT
The Rotinese were also renowned for their cakes of crystallised sugar made from the juice of the lontar palm. Bajo and Pepela residents state that, in the past, Binongko sailors from the Tukang Besi Islands regularly visited Pepela to purchase lontar palm sugar, which was then traded throughout the Indonesian archipelago.
Rote's peculiar string instrument, the Sasando
This trade continues to the present day, but vessels from Roti island also sail to the Tukang Besi Islands to sell palm sugar directly to the Bajo.
Ikat with patola design from Rote island
The floral design on this sarong (mens cloth) shows the influence of the prestigious and sacred silk double ikat patola cloths made in Gujerat in India and traded in Southeast Asia.
The borders, triangles, eight pointed stars and grid format of the cloth all derive from patola design. On the island of Roti, patola-inspired patterns were associated with royalty and were applied to locally woven textiles to indicate nobility and power.
The Patola inspired motifs are executed with aniline dyes on a soft, fine commercial cotton of a type that places this piece in the mid to late 20th century.
Accommodation available at Namberala beach includes a beachfront bungalow resort and several home stays.